Which of the following health disparities are of special concern among African Americans?

Answer by Rhonda Mitchell:

According to the Centers for Disease Control the 10 leading causes of death among African Americans are:   
1. Heart Disease
2. Cancer
3. Stroke 
4. Unintentional Injuries 
5. Diabetes 
6. Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease
7. Kidney Disease
8. Homicide 
9. Sepsis 
10. Alzheimer's Disease 

When accounting for all cancers combined: 

Men

  • Incidence rates are highest among black ( 554.5 ), followed by white ( 499.7 ), Hispanic* ( 393.5 ), Asian/Pacific Islander ( 310.1 ), and American Indian/Alaska Native ( 293.5 ) men.
  • Death rates are highest among black ( 253.9 ), followed by white ( 203.2 ), Hispanic* ( 146.4 ), American Indian/Alaska Native ( 136.0 ), and Asian/Pacific Islander ( 126.2 ) men.

Women

  • Incidence rates are highest among white ( 414.8 ), followed by black ( 393.8 ), Hispanic* ( 324.2 ), Asian/Pacific Islander ( 279.8 ), and American Indian/Alaska Native ( 261.0 ) women.
  • Death rates are highest among black ( 166.2 ), followed by white ( 143.4 ), Hispanic* ( 98.0 ), American Indian/Alaska Native ( 93.9 ), and Asian/Pacific Islander ( 91.1 ) women.

Cancer in American Indians and Alaska Natives3 found the following trends—

  • Overall, cancer incidence rates for American Indian/Alaska Native people were lower than for whites, but they were higher for cancers of the stomach, liver, cervix, kidney, and gallbladder.
  • Cancer incidence rates among American Indian/Alaska Native people vary a great deal from one region to another, and are highest in Alaska and the Northern and Southern Plains, and lowest in the Southwest.
  • For cancers of the breast and cervix, American Indian/Alaska Native women are less likely than white women to have their cancer found early.

Risk of having a stroke is twice as high for Blacks than it is for whites and Blacks are twice as more likely to die than whites.

Which of the following health disparities are of special concern among African Americans?

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